To be in line with the ecological objectives of carbon neutrality and the societal challenges of inclusiveness, sharing and diversity, it is necessary to encourage changes in individual behavior through strong public policies.
What are the impacts of public policies on mobility? VERTONE sheds light on 5 recent regulatory changes that have a “lasting” impact on mobility.
In addition to this article, you will find the 5 trends in the use of transport that influence hand mobility.
1/ The LOM law offers new skills to the aoms AND ESTABLISHES THE SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY PACKAGE
The LOM Law facilitates and encourage the deployment of new solutions to allow everyone to travel. This translates into projects aimed at ensuring the proper functioning of existing transport, accelerating the development of new mobility solutions, and helping mobility solutions in all territories (for example by fighting against mobility dead zones).
This law also encourages invest more and better in everyday transport, for better collaboration between AOM and operators. Finally, the latter reinforces the transition to cleaner mobility, in particular through the FMD (sustainable mobility package), which offers employers an effective solution for their employees to opt for sustainable modes of transport for their commuting.
This optional package can amount to up to €400/year free of imports and social security contributions, and replace the bicycle mileage allowance, little used because it is very complex. The FMD offers the employer a favorable regulatory context for the development of his mobility plan, and the opportunity to become the instigator of the MAAS deprived of his wages (see article).
To go further, discover 2 articles about the opportunities and changes brought about by the LOM law.
2/ The climate and resilience law favors public transport
As an extension of the LOM, the section dedicated to mobility of the climate and resilience law aims to promote alternatives to individual choice. It thus takes several steps aimed at prefer public transport, with the creation of “green” zones in urban areas with more than 150,000 inhabitants, as well as the promotion of on-demand transport. It is also proposed to encourage the use and development of relay car parks at the entrance to the city.
The development of traffic lanes reserved for public transport vehiclesauxiliary Taxis and carpooling, even if you give tariff schedules Advantageous will also favor the use of public transport.
3/ The opening to competition of the rail networks and the ratp
After 2019, medium and long distance transport is in a phase of competition, especially for TER. Today, last November, Transdev announced the first regional rail call for tenders in France, with the award of the Marseille-Toulon-Nice line in the South Region.
For the territory’s balance trains (currently operated by Intercités), the opening also almost saw the light of day in 2022, but a new agreement for the period 2022-2031 was finally signed last March, for lack of a competitor to the SNCF. The first batches of openings for the competition are being prepared for 2026 (Nantes-Bordeaux and Nantes-Lyon).
To find out more about the opening of the rail market, we could consult this article.
In terms of urban mobility, the face of Île-de-France is also gradually becoming aware of major changes. From 2022, the competition will concern buses in the Grande Couronne, and from 2025 it will be extended to Parisian buses. It will be necessary to wait until 2040 for the metros and RER to also know this opening to new operators.
These successive waves of opening up to competition are so many opportunities for transport operators to position themselves on these calls for tenders, and to have the services and experiences of users evaluated.
To go further on the impacts on the passenger experience of the opening of the rail market, we invite you to consult this article.
4/ SUPPORT POLICIES for post-COVID-19 crisis transport
The recovery plan following the COVID 19 crisis plans to devote 91 million euros to everyday mobility alternatives to the car. We have deciphered in detail the opportunities of the recovery plan for mobility in a dedicated article.
This aid will take the form of matching funds for bicycles, to encourage an acceleration of work to develop bicycle networks and subsidies for public transport projects. They therefore enable local authorities to continue investing despite the crisis.
For the Île-de-France region, for example, an envelope of 13.8 million euros is reserved for public transport to accelerate modernization and the development of revenue. This represents a +69% increase in finances, a note for the support of structuring projects such as the extension of RER E to the west, the modernization of RER B and D, or the deployment of buses and trams.
5/ Free urban transport at the heart of the debates
This is a political subject frequently highlighted in discussions and in particular during the last municipal elections which took place in 2020. On this occasion, more than 100 candidates have included free public transport in their programme. Furthermore, we return to our article on the interests of mobility through candidate programs.
Targeted free policies to meet different challenges ecological, accessibility to the most modest, more so support for merchant activity which have gone from notable frequencies due to successive crises (Yellow Vests, COVID-19, etc.). These measures aspire to encourage the French to return to the city centers, which are sometimes neglected. They can be total or partial, with a free system only on weekends (as in Montpellier or Nancy for example) or targeted for certain audiences (young people, retirees, etc.)
Note that these measures are logically conducive to a frequency house. Funding should therefore be provided to maintain the network, or even develop it, in order to respond to changes in user demand.
These five major developments in the world of transport, seem to leave us I will understand that mobility will tend to change structurally, towards an increase in softer, more inclusive modes, but also more accessible to everyone throughout the territory . Public measures lead to new challenges, both for local authorities in order to finance investments, and for operators who must rethink their offers, services and use cases. These challenges crystallize in the new calls for tenders issued by the Public Transport Authorities (see article on responses to calls for tenders in transport).
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